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  The Consumer Price Index Was Unchanged in November
Posted Under: CPI • Data Watch • Inflation

 
Implications: A fitting final report heading into today's start to the two-day Fed meeting. The consumer price index was unchanged in November, meeting consensus expectations. As a result, the Fed's inclination to start lifting rates tomorrow should be unchanged as well. The underlying details of the report provide ammunition to what we believe is a clear majority at the Fed to raise rates. Although energy prices declined 1.3% in November while food prices declined 0.1%, nearly every other category of prices rose for the month. "Core" prices, which exclude both the volatile food and energy components, increased 0.2% in November and are up 2.0% in the past year. Core inflation has been running consistently at or above the Fed's 2% target over the past three-, six-, and twelve-month periods. Prices excluding just energy are up 1.9% in the last year. In other words, core price inflation has held steady near the Fed's target for quite some time, and almost all the statistical noise has come from energy. In turn, this suggests that once energy prices stop falling, overall inflation will move toward the Fed's target more quickly than most anticipate. Owners' equivalent rent, which makes up about ¼ of the CPI, rose 0.2% in November, is up 3.1% in the past year, up at a 3.3% annual rate in the past six months, and will be a key source of higher inflation in the year ahead. While some scaremongers warn about deflation, others stoke fears of hyperinflation. But the truth is that neither is a threat at present. What we have is low inflation that is likely to gradually work its way upward over the next few years. On the earnings front, "real" (inflation-adjusted) average hourly earnings rose 0.1% in November, and are up 1.8% in the past year. This, combined with more jobs, will help boost consumer spending in the year ahead. In other news this morning, the Empire State index, a measure of manufacturing sentiment in New York, came in at -4.6 in December, versus -10.7 in November, signaling that a strong dollar and relatively weak economies abroad are still headwinds for the factory sector.

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Posted on Tuesday, December 15, 2015 @ 9:59 AM • Post Link Share: 
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These posts were prepared by First Trust Advisors L.P., and reflect the current opinion of the authors. They are based upon sources and data believed to be accurate and reliable. Opinions and forward looking statements expressed are subject to change without notice. This information does not constitute a solicitation or an offer to buy or sell any security.
 
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