Home   Logon   Mobile Site   Research and Commentary   About Us   Call 1.800.621.1675 or Email Us       Follow Us: 

Search by Ticker, Keyword or CUSIP       
 
 

Blog Home
   Brian Wesbury
Chief Economist
 
Click for Bio
Follow Brian on Twitter Follow Brian on LinkedIn View Videos on YouTube
   Bob Stein
Deputy Chief Economist
Click for Bio
Follow Bob on Twitter Follow Bob on LinkedIn View Videos on YouTube
 
  Rate Hikes Finally on the Way
Posted Under: CPI • Government • Inflation • Markets • Monday Morning Outlook • Fed Reserve • Interest Rates • Spending • Bonds • Stocks
The Federal Reserve's policy statement from last week plus Jerome Powell's post-meeting press conference made it abundantly clear it is ready to start raising short-term interest rates in March. 

As of early this morning, the futures market for federal funds was pricing in five rate hikes (of 25 basis points each) in 2022.  We think that many rate hikes are warranted; we'd even support more.  The Fed is badly behind the inflation-fighting curve.  The Consumer Prices Index rose 7.0% in 2021, the largest increase for any calendar year since 1981.  Meanwhile, commodity prices continue to rise.

However, we're still skeptical the Fed will move as aggressively as the financial markets are pricing in.  If the Fed were really serious about the inflation fight, why didn't it announce a sudden and early end to Quantitative Easing last week?  Instead, the Fed maintained QE, which increases the size of its balance sheet, even as it released a set of "principles" for reducing the size of the balance sheet.

Think about how absurd the current situation is.  Maintaining QE while signaling it will soon start Quantitative Tightening is like deciding to keep digging a hole deeper, even though you already know that in an hour you're going to take all the dirt you dug up and use it to fill the same hole back in.  Why not just stop digging now!

Either way, we think QT starts around mid-year and the Fed will be more aggressive about it than it was back in 2017-19, when the fastest pace of QT was about $50 billion per month. The best reason to implement a larger QT is that the Fed needs to counteract the excessive growth in the M2 measure of the money supply that is the root cause of higher inflation.  Unfortunately, the Fed is still not focused on reducing M2 as a policy goal.

Instead, we think the Fed will pursue a robust pace of QT for other reasons.  First, the Fed would use QT as a signal of its commitment to keep lifting rates, knowing that market conditions may, from time to time, make it temporarily tougher for the Fed to hike.  Second, the Fed thinks selling off longer-maturity securities could modestly lift long-term interest rates, creating more room for it to raise short-term rates without inverting the yield curve.  

And third, if the Fed doesn't substantially reduce the balance sheet, it could be a position in a few years where it's paying large financial institutions around $100 billion per year.  That's what would happen if the banks are still holding $4 trillion in Fed reserves while short-term rates have hit 2.5%.  No Fed chief wants to explain to Congress why it's paying the biggest US banks $100 billion per year. 
 
The bottom line is that the Fed has its work cut out for it.  This won't be a one-year job, or even two.  Wrestling inflation back under control may take several years.  The sooner the Fed focuses its attention on M2 and renews its respect for Milton Friedman the easier that job will be.

Brian S. Wesbury – Chief Economist
Robert Stein, CFA – Deputy Chief Economist 


Click here for a PDF version
Posted on Monday, January 31, 2022 @ 10:15 AM • Post Link Share: 
Print this post Printer Friendly

These posts were prepared by First Trust Advisors L.P., and reflect the current opinion of the authors. They are based upon sources and data believed to be accurate and reliable. Opinions and forward looking statements expressed are subject to change without notice. This information does not constitute a solicitation or an offer to buy or sell any security.
 
The information presented is not intended to constitute an investment recommendation for, or advice to, any specific person. By providing this information, First Trust is not undertaking to give advice in any fiduciary capacity within the meaning of ERISA, the Internal Revenue Code or any other regulatory framework. Financial professionals are responsible for evaluating investment risks independently and for exercising independent judgment in determining whether investments are appropriate for their clients.
First Trust Portfolios L.P.  Member SIPC and FINRA. (Form CRS)   •  First Trust Advisors L.P. (Form CRS)
Home |  Important Legal Information |  Privacy Policy |  California Privacy Policy |  Business Continuity Plan |  FINRA BrokerCheck
Copyright © 2022 All rights reserved.