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  The Consumer Price Index Declined 0.1% in December
Posted Under: CPI • Data Watch • Inflation
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Implications: Consumer prices surprised to the downside in December. As a result, consumer prices rose a mere 0.7% in 2015, the smallest increase in any calendar year since 2008 and the second smallest gain going back to the 1960s. Energy was the key factor in December as well as 2015 as a whole. Energy prices fell 2.4% in December and 12.6% in 2015. Taking out just the energy component however, consumer prices rose 0.1% in December and 1.9% in 2015. "Core" prices, which exclude both the volatile food and energy components, increased 0.1% in December and are up 2.1% in the past year. Core inflation has been running consistently around the Fed's 2% target over the past three-, six-, and twelve-month periods. This suggests that as soon as energy prices stop falling, which should be very soon, overall inflation will move toward the Fed's target more quickly than most anticipate. Owners' equivalent rent, which makes up about ¼ of the CPI, rose 0.2% in December, is up 3.1% in the past year, and will be a key source of higher inflation in the year ahead. The good news in today's report was that workers' earnings keep stretching further. "Real" (inflation-adjusted) average hourly earnings rose 0.1% in December, and are up 1.8% in the past year. This, combined with more jobs, will help boost consumer spending in the year ahead. So despite volatility in the financial markets, calls for the Fed to hold off on rate hikes (or, from the super doves, calls for easing) are totally unjustified. The Fed has a dual mandate, price stability and maximum employment. Unemployment is at 5%, with more than 200,000 jobs created per month in 2015, and inflation beyond the pump is hovering at 2%. This is why we think the Fed should, and will, stay the course with four 25 basis point rate hikes in 2016, starting at the March meeting.

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Posted on Wednesday, January 20, 2016 @ 10:18 AM • Post Link Share: 
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