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A Snapshot Of Bond Valuations
View from the Observation Deck
Today's blog post is one we do ongoing so that investors can monitor fluctuations in bond prices relative to changes in interest rates. The dates in the chart are from prior posts.
The Federal Reserve ("Fed") hiked the federal funds target rate (upper bound) by 25 basis points (bps) to 0.50% on 3/16/22. The last Fed rate hike occurred on 12/19/18, when it raised by 25 bps to 2.50% (most recent high), according to data from the Fed.
For the 30-year period ended 4/8/22, the federal funds target rate (upper bound) averaged 2.48% (essentially matching where it stood on 12/19/18), according to Bloomberg. It reached as high as 6.50% in May 2000.
The yield on the benchmark 10-year Treasury note (T-note) rose from 1.12% at the close on 1/8/21 to 2.71% at the close on 4/8/22, or an increase of 159 bps, according to Bloomberg. Its average yield was 3.98% for the 30-year period ended 4/8/22.
For comparative purposes, here were the closing yields as of 4/8/22 for the indices featured in the chart: 4.44% (U.S. Leveraged Loan 100); 6.57% (U.S. High Yield Constrained); 4.01% (22+ Yr. Municipal Securities); 5.32% (Fixed Rate Preferred Securities); 2.73% (7-10 Yr. U.S. Treasury); 3.38%% (Freddie Mac Mortgage); 3.93% (U.S. Corporate ); and 3.33% (Global Corporate), according to Bloomberg.
As indicated in the chart, the price declines in the 7-10 Year U.S. Treasury Index and the U.S. Corporate Index were clearly the most dramatic between 1/8/21 and 4/8/22.
The trailing 12-month Consumer Price Index (CPI) rate stood at 8.5% in March 2022, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics. That is up significantly from its 2.6% level in March 2021 and its 2.4% average rate over the past 30 years.
In addition to the multiple rate hikes and quantitative tightening measures expected from the Fed this year, bond investors should also monitor the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, which is hitting China hard right now, and the war between Russia and Ukraine, to see what impact these events may have on energy prices and the global economy. Stay tuned!
This chart is for illustrative purposes only and not indicative of any actual investment. The illustration excludes the effects of taxes and brokerage commissions or other expenses incurred when investing. Investors cannot invest directly in an index. The ICE BofA 22+ Year U.S. Municipal Securities Index tracks the performance of U.S. dollar denominated investment grade tax-exempt debt publicly issued by U.S. states and territories, and their political subdivisions with a remaining term to maturity greater than or equal to 22 years. The ICE BofA Fixed Rate Preferred Securities Index tracks the performance of investment grade fixed rate U.S. dollar denominated preferred securities issued in the U.S. domestic market. The S&P/LSTA U.S. Leveraged Loan 100 Index is a market value-weighted index designed to measure the performance of the largest segment of the U.S. syndicated leveraged loan market. The ICE BofA 7-10 Year U.S. Treasury Index tracks the performance of U.S. dollar denominated sovereign debt publicly issued by the U.S. government with a remaining term to maturity between 7 to 10 years. The ICE BofA U.S. High Yield Constrained Index tracks the performance of U.S. dollar denominated below investment grade corporate debt publicly issued in the U.S. domestic market. The ICE BofA U.S. Corporate Index tracks the performance of U.S. dollar denominated investment grade corporate debt publicly issued in the U.S. domestic market. The ICE BofA Global Corporate Index tracks the performance of investment grade corporate debt publicly issued in the major domestic and Eurobond markets. The ICE BofA Freddie Mac Mortgage Backed Securities Index is a subset of the ICE BofA U.S. Mortgage Backed Securities Index including all generics representing pools issued by Freddie Mac.
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Tuesday, April 12, 2022 @ 8:58 AM
These posts were prepared by First Trust Advisors L.P., and reflect the current opinion of the authors. They are based upon sources and data believed to be accurate and reliable. Opinions and forward looking statements expressed are subject to change without notice. This information does not constitute a solicitation or an offer to buy or sell any security.