The Trade Deficit in Goods and Services Came in at $49.3 Billion in November

 

Implications: When President Trump sees today's report on the trade deficit in November, he may chalk it up as a win for his confrontational policy approach with our partners abroad as the trade deficit shrunk in November to $49.3 billion.  But, today's report should not be celebrated, and is a perfect example of why deficits or surpluses can be misleading. What matters more than the headline trade deficit number - and which you will not hear about as much - is the total volume of trade – imports plus exports – which signals how much businesses and consumers interact across borders.  Looking at that data, US trade came substantially off its record all-time highs in October as exports declined by $1.3 billion while imports declined by $7.7 billion. So, the reason the trade deficit shrunk so drastically in November was because imports fell much faster than exports, nothing to get excited about. Overall, in the past year exports are up 3.7%, while imports are up 3.2%, signaling still healthy gains in the overall volume of international trade.  While many are worried about protectionism from Washington, especially regarding China, we continue to think this is a trade skirmish, and the odds of an all-out trade war that noticeably hurts the US economy are slim.  We believe better trade agreements for the United States and world are on the way.  We have already seen it happen with several countries, and now China looks to be extending a bit of an olive branch, too. Average tariffs in China were cut from 9.8% in 2017 to 7.5% in 2018. We see this as real progress, and just the start.  The US's negotiating position simply continues to strengthen, in no small part due to the rise of the US as an energy powerhouse.  As recently as 2005, the US was importing more than ten times the petroleum products that we were exporting.  As of November, imports are down to 1.04 times exports and this trend should continue.  Not only does this reduce US reliance on foreign trade partners and lower their bargaining power, it has served to shift power dynamics on a global scale (witness the political turmoil in Saudi Arabia).  So at the end of the day, we will continue to watch trade policy as it develops, but don't see any reason to sound alarm bells. 

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Posted on Wednesday, February 6, 2019 @ 11:50 AM

These posts were prepared by First Trust Advisors L. P., and reflect the current opinion of the authors. They are based upon sources and data believed to be accurate and reliable. Opinions and forward looking statements expressed are subject to change without notice. This information does not constitute a solicitation or an offer to buy or sell any security.