The Trade Deficit in Goods and Services Came in at $45.7 Billion in January


Implications: The trade deficit widened in January as exports fell to the lowest level since mid-2011.  Slower growth abroad, along with a stronger dollar have slowed exports.  For example goods exports to Canada and China are down 11.9% and 14.0% respectively, while exports to South & Central America are down 16.9%.  This will not last forever, but may continue to be a factor for the coming year.  Meanwhile imports are also well below year-ago levels. The largest contributor to the decline in the past year has been petroleum, which is now down 41.8% from a year ago. Back in 2005 US petroleum and petroleum product imports were eleven times exports. In January, these imports were only 1.7 times exports.  Ever wondered why, with all the turmoil out of the Middle East, oil prices have continued to decline, not spike higher, like we had usually seen in the past?  It's because the US is becoming more and more important in the energy space as a producer, bringing a stabilizing effect to the world. You can thank fracking and horizontal drilling for that. In fact, after years of running a trade deficit, the US is running a trade surplus in goods with OPEC over the past 12 months!  The fact that the US is buying less crude from OPEC means OPEC has fewer dollars to purchase US goods. This is the key factor behind the drop in world trade, not global depression. Plugging today's figures into our GDP models suggests trade will be a slight drag on the first quarter of 2016 while the overall economy grows at a about a 1.5% annual rate.  Although tepid, we think the government is still having problems seasonally-adjusting its data and so we then expect much faster growth in the middle two quarters of the year.

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Posted on Friday, March 4, 2016 @ 11:22 AM

These posts were prepared by First Trust Advisors L.P., and reflect the current opinion of the authors. They are based upon sources and data believed to be accurate and reliable. Opinions and forward looking statements expressed are subject to change without notice. This information does not constitute a solicitation or an offer to buy or sell any security.