The Consumer Price Index was Unchanged in January


Implications:  Today's CPI report shows inflation is not dead. While the headline reading displayed no change in overall consumer prices in January, the details of the report show why the Fed can be confident that inflation is already moving back toward it's 2% target.  The key reason consumer prices were unchanged in January was a 4.8% drop in gasoline prices, to the lowest level since March of 2009.  Energy prices as whole (gas plus everything else) were down 2.8%. But outside the energy sector, prices rose almost across the board.  The "core" CPI, which excludes food and energy, rose 0.3% in January, led by housing and medical care.  Owners' equivalent rent, which makes up about ΒΌ of the CPI, rose 0.2% in January, is up 3.2% in the past year, and will be a key source of higher inflation in the year ahead.  The core CPI is up 2.2% in the past twelve months and has been running above 2% annualized over the past three-, six-, and twelve-month periods.  Even including food and energy, there are some early signs of rising inflation, with consumer prices up 1.4% in the past year, versus an increase of 0.7% in the twelve months ending in December.  As soon as energy prices stop falling, overall inflation will move quickly toward the Fed's 2% target, taking many investors by surprise.  In the meantime, workers' earnings keep stretching further.  "Real"(inflation-adjusted) average hourly earnings rose 0.4% in January, and are up 1.1% in the past year.  This, combined with more jobs, will help boost consumer spending in the year ahead.  In other recent economic news, new claims for unemployment insurance declined 7,000 last week to 262,000, the 50th consecutive week under 300,000. Continuing claims rose 30,000 to 2.273 million.  It's still early, but plugging these figures into our models suggests February payroll gains of about 225,000.  On the manufacturing front, the Philadelphia Fed index, a measure of sentiment in East Coast manufacturing, came in at -2.8 in February versus -3.5 in January, signaling that the rate of contraction in that sector is flattening out.

Click here for PDF version

Posted on Friday, February 19, 2016 @ 10:31 AM

These posts were prepared by First Trust Advisors L.P., and reflect the current opinion of the authors. They are based upon sources and data believed to be accurate and reliable. Opinions and forward looking statements expressed are subject to change without notice. This information does not constitute a solicitation or an offer to buy or sell any security.