Personal Income Increased 0.2% in September

 
Implications: Consumers have been fickle the past four months. Spending surged 0.5% in June, was unchanged in July, surged 0.5% again in August and now slipped 0.2% in September. So don't read too much into the slippage in consumer spending in September; it's not a new downward trend. Consumer purchasing power continued to grow in September and we expect that trend to continue. Payrolls are up 2.6 million in the past year and the number of hours per worker are up as well. As a result, private-sector wages & salaries are up a robust 5.9% in the past year. Total income – which also includes rents, small business income, dividends, interest, and government transfer payments – increased 0.2% in September and is up 4.1% in the past year, which is faster than the 3.5% gain in consumer spending. In other words, higher incomes alone are enough to push spending up. One part of the report we keep a close eye on is government redistribution. In the past year, government transfers to persons are up 5.6%, largely driven by Obamacare. Medicaid spending is up 15.6% versus a year ago. However, outside Medicaid, government transfers are up only 3.2% in the past year and unemployment compensation is at the lowest level since 2007. Taken all together, government transfer payments – like Medicare, Medicaid, Social Security, disability, welfare, food stamps, and unemployment comp – don't seem to be falling back to where they were prior to the Panic of 2008, when they were roughly 14% of income. In early 2010, they peaked at 18%. Now they are down to 17% but not falling any further. Redistribution hurts growth because it reallocates resources away from productive ventures. This is why we have a Plow Horse economy instead of a Race Horse economy. On the inflation front, the Federal Reserve's favorite measure, the personal consumption price index, was up 0.1% in September and is up only 1.4% from a year ago. Given loose monetary policy, we expect that figure to rise in the year ahead. But, given tight bank lending standards and the energy production boom, the increase in inflation is going to be gradual.

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Posted on Friday, October 31, 2014 @ 10:04 AM

These posts were prepared by First Trust Advisors L.P., and reflect the current opinion of the authors. They are based upon sources and data believed to be accurate and reliable. Opinions and forward looking statements expressed are subject to change without notice. This information does not constitute a solicitation or an offer to buy or sell any security.