You could lose money by investing in the Fund. An investment in the Fund is not a deposit of a bank and is not insured or guaranteed by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation or any other governmental agency. There can be no assurance that the Fund's investment objective will be achieved.
CONVERTIBLE SECURITIES RISK. The ETFs in which the Fund invests may hold convertible securities. Convertible securities have characteristics of both equity and debt securities and, as a result, are exposed to certain additional risks. The market values of convertible securities tend to decline as interest rates increase and, conversely, to increase as interest rates decline. However, a convertible security's market value also tends to reflect the market price of the common stock of the issuing company, particularly when the stock price is greater than the convertible security's conversion price (i.e., the predetermined price or exchange ratio at which the convertible security can be converted or exchanged for the underlying common stock). Convertible securities are also exposed to the risk that an issuer is unable to meet its obligation to make dividend or principal payments when due as a result of changing financial or market conditions. Convertible securities generally offer lower interest or dividend yields than non-convertible debt securities of similar credit quality because of their potential for capital appreciation.
CREDIT RISK. Credit risk is the risk that an issuer of a security will be unable or unwilling to make dividend, interest and/or principal payments when due and the related risk that the value of a security may decline because of concerns about the issuer's ability to make such payments.
CURRENCY EXCHANGE RATE RISK. The ETFs in which the Fund invests may hold investments that are denominated in non-U.S. currencies, or in securities that provide exposure to such currencies, currency exchange rates or interest rates denominated in such currencies. Changes in currency exchange rates and the relative value of non-U.S. currencies will affect the value of the Fund's investment and the value of Fund shares. Currency exchange rates can be very volatile and can change quickly and unpredictably. As a result, the value of an investment in the Fund may change quickly and without warning and you may lose money.
CYBER SECURITY RISK. As the use of Internet technology has become more prevalent in the course of business, the Fund has become more susceptible to potential operational risks through breaches in cyber security. A breach in cyber security refers to both intentional and unintentional events that may cause the Fund to lose proprietary information, suffer data corruption or lose operational capacity. Such events could cause the Fund to incur regulatory penalties, reputational damage, additional compliance costs associated with corrective measures and/or financial loss. Cyber security breaches may involve unauthorized access to the Fund's digital information systems through "hacking" or malicious software coding, but may also result from outside attacks such as denial-of-service attacks through efforts to make network services unavailable to intended users. In addition, cyber security breaches of the Fund's third party service providers, such as its administrator, transfer agent, custodian, or sub-advisor, as applicable, or issuers in which the Fund invests, can also subject the Fund to many of the same risks associated with direct cyber security breaches. The Fund has established risk management systems designed to reduce the risks associated with cyber security. However, there is no guarantee that such efforts will succeed, especially because the Fund does not directly control the cyber security systems of issuers or third party service providers.
DEPOSITARY RECEIPTS RISK. The ETFs in which the Fund invests may hold depositary receipts. Depositary receipts may be less liquid than the underlying shares in their primary trading market. Any distributions paid to the holders of depositary receipts are usually subject to a fee charged by the depositary. Holders of depositary receipts may have limited voting rights, and investment restrictions in certain countries may adversely impact the value of depositary receipts because such restrictions may limit the ability to convert the equity shares into depositary receipts and vice versa. Such restrictions may cause the equity shares of the underlying issuer to trade at a discount or premium to the market price of the depositary receipts.
EQUITY SECURITIES RISK. Because the Fund and the ETFs in which the Fund invests hold equity securities, the value of the Fund's shares will fluctuate with changes in the value of these equity securities. Equity securities prices fluctuate for several reasons, including changes in investors' perceptions of the financial condition of an issuer or the general condition of the relevant stock market, such as market volatility, or when political or economic events affecting the issuers occur. In addition, common stock prices may be particularly sensitive to rising interest rates, as the cost of capital rises and borrowing costs increase. The equity markets have experienced recent volatility that may lead to sharp declines in the value of the underlying ETFs and the Fund.
EXCHANGE-TRADED FUND RISK. An ETF trades like common stock and represents a portfolio of securities. The risks of owning an ETF generally reflect the risks of owning the underlying securities, although lack of liquidity in an ETF could result in it being more volatile and ETFs have management fees and other operating expenses that increase their costs.
FINANCIAL COMPANIES RISK. Financial companies are especially subject to the adverse effects of economic recession, currency exchange rates, government regulation, decreases in the availability of capital, volatile interest rates, portfolio concentrations in geographic markets and in commercial and residential real estate loans, and competition from new entrants in their fields of business.
FIXED INCOME SECURITIES RISK. An investment in the Fund involves risk associated with an investment in fixed income securities including the risk that certain of the securities held by the ETFs in the Fund may not have the benefit of covenants that would prevent the issuer from engaging in capital restructurings or borrowing transactions in connection with corporate acquisitions, leveraged buyouts or restructurings. This limitation could reduce the ability of the issuer to meet its payment obligations and might result in increased credit risk. In addition, certain of the securities may be redeemed or prepaid by the issuer, resulting in lower interest payments received by the ETFs held by the Fund and reduced distributions to shareholders.
FLOATING RATE LOAN RISK. The ETFs in which the Fund invests may hold floating rate loans, which may include high yield securities, or "junk" loans. An investment in floating rate loans subjects the Fund to credit risk, which is heightened for loans in which the Fund invests because companies that issue such loans tend to be highly leveraged and thus are more susceptible to the risks of interest deferral, default and/or bankruptcy. The loans are usually rated below investment grade but may also be unrated. An economic downturn would generally lead to a higher non-payment rate, and a loan may lose significant market value before a default occurs. Moreover, any specific collateral used to secure a loan may decline in value or become illiquid, which would adversely affect the loan's value. Loans are subject to a number of risks described elsewhere in this prospectus, including liquidity risk and the risk of investing in below investment grade debt instruments. Floating rate loans are subject to prepayment risk. The degree to which borrowers prepay loans, whether as a contractual requirement or at their election, may be affected by general business conditions, the financial condition of the borrower and competitive conditions among loan investors, among others. Floating rate loans may also not be considered "securities" under the 1940 Act and therefore prevent the Fund from relying on the anti-fraud provisions of the Act.
FUND OF FUNDS RISK. The Fund invests in securities of other ETFs, which involves additional expenses that would not be present in a direct investment in such ETFs. Furthermore, the Fund's investment performance and risks are directly related to the investment performance and risks of the underlying ETFs in which the Fund invests.
HIGH YIELD SECURITIES RISK. The ETFs in which the Fund invests may hold high yield securities, or "junk" bonds, are subject to greater market fluctuations and risk of loss than securities with higher ratings, and therefore, are considered to be highly speculative. These securities are issued by companies that may have narrowly focused operations and/or other impediments to the timely payment of periodic interest and principal at maturity. If the economy slows down or dips into recession, the issuers of high yield securities may not have sufficient resources to continue making timely payment of periodic interest and principal at maturity. The market for high yield securities is smaller and less liquid than that for investment grade securities. High yield securities are generally not listed on a national securities exchange but trade in the over-the-counter markets. Due to the smaller, less liquid market for high yield securities, the bid-offer spread on such securities is generally greater than it is for investment grade securities and the purchase or sale of such securities may take longer to complete.
INCOME RISK. Income from the fixed income investments held by certain of the ETFs in which the Fund invests could decline during periods of falling interest rates.
INTEREST RATE RISK. Interest rate risk is the risk that the value of the fixed-income securities held by certain of the ETFs in which the Fund invests will decline because of rising market interest rates. Interest rate risk is generally lower for shorter term investments, which generally have shorter durations, and higher for longer term investments.
MARKET RISK. Market risk is the risk that a particular ETF owned by the Fund, the underlying securities in which the ETFs invest, or shares of the Fund in general may fall in value. Securities are subject to market fluctuations caused by such factors as economic, political, regulatory or market developments, changes in interest rates and perceived trends in securities prices. Shares of the Fund could decline in value or underperform other investments.
MORTGAGE SECURITIES RISK. The ETFs in which the Fund invests in may hold mortgage-related securities, including mortgage-backed securities, which may make those ETFs more susceptible to adverse economic, political or regulatory events that affect the value of real estate. Changes in local, state and federal policies could negatively impact the ETFs which may invest in mortgage-related securities market, which include various government initiated and sponsored homeowner assistance programs and eminent domain issues. Mortgage-related securities are subject to the risk that the rate of mortgage prepayments decreases, which extends the average life of a security and increases the interest rate exposure. Mortgage-related securities may also face liquidity issues when the Fund seeks to sell such securities, but are unable to find buyers at a bid-ask spread to make the transaction feasible. These securities are also subject to the risk that the underlying borrowers may default on their mortgages, resulting in a non-payment of principal and interest. Finally, the ETFs which may invest in mortgage-related securities market may be negatively impacted by regulatory changes including those that are related to the mandate or existence of the government-sponsored enterprises, Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac and Ginnie Mae.
MUNICIPAL BONDS RISK. Certain of the ETFs in which the Fund invests may hold municipal bonds. In additional to being subject to credit, income and interest rate risk (as described in this prospectus), municipal bonds are subject to tax risk. Interest income from municipal bonds is normally not subject to regular federal income tax, but income from municipal bonds held by the underlying ETFs could be declared taxable because of, among other things, unfavorable changes in tax laws, adverse interpretations by the Internal Revenue Service or state tax authorities or noncompliant conduct of a bond issuer. Consequently, the attractiveness of municipal bonds in relation to other investment alternatives is affected by changes in federal income tax rates or changes in the tax-exempt status of interest income from municipal bonds.
NON-CORRELATION RISK. The Fund's return may not match the return of the Index for a number of reasons. For example, the Fund incurs operating expenses not applicable to the Index, and may incur costs in buying and selling securities, especially when rebalancing the Fund's portfolio holdings to reflect changes in the composition of the Index. In addition, the Fund's portfolio holdings may not exactly replicate the securities included in the Index or the ratios between the securities included in the Index.
NON-DIVERSIFICATION RISK. The Fund is classified as "non-diversified" under the 1940 Act. As a result, the Fund is only limited as to the percentage of its assets which may be invested in the securities of any one issuer by the diversification requirements imposed by the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended. The Fund may invest a relatively high percentage of its assets in a limited number of issuers. As a result, the Fund may be more susceptible to a single adverse economic or regulatory occurrence affecting one or more of these issuers, experience increased volatility and be highly invested in certain issuers.
NON-U.S. SECURITIES AND EMERGING MARKETS RISK. The ETFs in which the Fund invests hold securities of non-U.S. issuers, including non-U.S. dollar-denominated securities traded outside of the United States and U.S. dollar-denominated securities of non-U.S. issuers traded in the United States. Non-U.S. securities are subject to higher volatility than securities of domestic issuers due to possible adverse political, social or economic developments; restrictions on foreign investment or exchange of securities; lack of liquidity; currency exchange rates; excessive taxation; government seizure of assets; different legal or accounting standards; and less government supervision and regulation of exchanges in foreign countries. These risks may be heightened for securities of companies located in, or with significant operations in, emerging market countries.
PORTFOLIO TURNOVER RISK. The Fund's strategy may frequently involve buying and selling portfolio securities to rebalance the Fund's exposure to various market sectors. High portfolio turnover may result in the Fund paying higher levels of transaction costs. Portfolio turnover risk may cause the Fund's performance to be less than you expect.
PREFERRED SECURITIES RISK. Certain of the ETFs in which the Fund invests may hold preferred securities which combine some of the characteristics of both common stocks and bonds. Preferred securities are typically subordinated to bonds and other debt instruments in a company's capital structure, in terms of priority to corporate income, and therefore will be subject to greater credit risk than those debt instruments. Preferred securities are also subject to credit risk, interest rate risk and income risk.
SMALL FUND RISK. The Fund currently has fewer assets than larger funds, and like other relatively smaller funds, large inflows and outflows may impact the Fund's market exposure for limited periods of time. This impact may be positive or negative, depending on the direction of market movement during the period affected.
SMALLER COMPANIES RISK. The ETFs in which the Fund invests hold securities of small and/or mid capitalization companies. Such companies may be more vulnerable to adverse general market or economic developments, and their securities may be less liquid and may experience greater price volatility than larger, more established companies as a result of several factors, including limited trading volumes, products or financial resources, management inexperience and less publicly available information. Accordingly, such companies are generally subject to greater market risk than larger, more established companies.