Tax Exempt Municipal Income Trust, Intermediate, 31
Municipal Bond Basics
A municipal bond is a debt obligation of a state and/or local government entity which is used to help build America's infrastructure by raising money to finance public projects such as new hospitals, schools and improved roads. In return, investors in tax-exempt municipal bonds receive earnings which are free from federal income taxes and, in some cases, state and local income taxes. Because of their low correlation to many other fixed-income and equity assets, municipal bonds can also provide diversification benefits within an investor's portfolio.
Municipal bonds have historically had a very low overall default rate as compared to corporate bonds. According to data from Moody's, the historical default rate of Moody's-rated municipal bonds is lower than that of corporate bonds in every rating category. In fact, despite the economic struggles facing many states and municipalities, investment grade municipal bonds have experienced significantly lower default rates than even the highest rated corporate bonds.
One reason for the historically lower default rates has been due to the relatively more stable revenue streams of municipalities, which have the ability to levy taxes to offset declining revenues. Corporate revenues, on the other hand, can be more volatile as they have fewer ways to increase revenues during difficult economic periods. Of course, given the current economic environment, there can be no assurance that the default rate for municipal bonds will not rise or that volatility will not increase.
This unit investment trust seeks to distribute income that is exempt from federal and, in certain
instances, state and local income taxes and to preserve capital by investing in a portfolio of
investment grade tax-exempt municipal bonds. There is, however, no assurance that the
objectives will be achieved.
- Federally tax-exempt monthly income.
- Investment grade bonds.
- Interest on the bonds is exempt from the alternative minimum tax.
- Estimated weighted average maturity of approximately 8 to 10 years.
- 2.50% up-front maximum sales charge. In addition to the sales charge, the trust is subject to annual operating expenses and organization costs.
Tax-exempt municipal bonds provide investors with significant tax savings. For investors in higher tax brackets, municipals can offer greater after-tax yields than taxable debt securities of similar maturities and credit quality, including Treasuries and corporate bonds. Taxable-equivalent yields represent the amount of pre-tax return an investor would need to earn in a taxable investment in order to equal that of a tax-exempt investment. The chart below illustrates the taxable equivalent yield at five different federal income tax levels using a tax-exempt municipal bond with a 4.00% yield as an example. As you can see, if an investor is in the 25% federal tax bracket, the 4.0% yield has a taxable equivalent yield of 5.33%. In other words, an investor would need to get a 5.33% yield from a taxable bond to equal the 4.00% payout of the tax-free municipal bond.
This example is for illustrative purposes only and should not be considered
indicative of the yields of the bonds which may be included in the trust.
| Not FDIC Insured Not Bank Guaranteed May Lose Value
You should consider the portfolio's investment objectives, risks, and
charges and expenses carefully before investing. Contact your financial advisor
or call First Trust Portfolios, L.P. at 1.800.621.1675 to request a prospectus,
which contains this and other information about the portfolio. Read it carefully
before you invest.
An investment in this unmanaged unit investment trust should
be made with an understanding of the risks associated with an investment in municipal bonds.
Municipal bonds are subject to numerous risks including rising interest rates, economic recession,
deterioration of the municipal bond market, possible downgrades, increased volatility, reduced
liquidity and defaults of interest and/or principal.
Certain of the securities in the trust are covered by insurance policies
obtained by the issuers or underwriters of the bonds from insurance
companies. There can be no assurance that any insurer will be able to
satisfy its commitments in the event claims are made in the future.
The value of the securities held by the trust may be subject to steep declines or increased volatility
due to changes in performance or perception of the issuers. The markets for credit instruments,
including municipal securities, have experienced periods of extreme illiquidity and volatility.
This UIT is a buy and hold strategy and investors should consider their ability to hold the trust